(’17) Can the use of animals for scientific research ever be justified?

Sample (Introduction) In scientific research, the use of animals has always been a controversial topic. In my opinion, there are instances where using animals are justified, because the ends justify the means. However, with the sophistication of research methods, I believe, degree of justification gradually decreases as animal use becomes less necessary. (R 1) Some argue … Continue reading (’17) Can the use of animals for scientific research ever be justified?

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(’16) ‘Human need, rather than profit, should always be the main concern of scientific research.’ Discuss.

Sample (Introduction) There is a need to balance the two considerations, because profit is often important in determining whether the research is able to continue. Therefore, when embarking on research, both factors are important; while the ideal lies in research for the greater good, but, more often than not, in reality, there is a need … Continue reading (’16) ‘Human need, rather than profit, should always be the main concern of scientific research.’ Discuss.

(’12)How far is it acceptable for technology to be used only for financial benefit?

Sample  (Introduction) As the world undergoes rapid urbanization and industrialization, competition between firms is tough. Most would focus on outdoing others and maximize their profits through heavy emphasis on productivity, and the development of new technology to gain a competitive edge. Such an approach would work on the basis of short-term and immediate *financial* benefits, … Continue reading (’12)How far is it acceptable for technology to be used only for financial benefit?

‘Science is based as much on theory as on fact.’ Is this a fair comment?

Sample (Refute 1) Some argue that science is only based on facts. In science, ‘facts’ are observable phenomenon in a particular situation in the natural world. The word ‘science’ is derived from the Latin word scientia, which is knowledge based on demonstrable (observation) and reproducible (experiment) data. Scientists craft their experiments, record their results and make … Continue reading ‘Science is based as much on theory as on fact.’ Is this a fair comment?

(’11)How far should medical resources be used to extend life expectancy?

Related: (’98)‘The first duty of a doctor has always been to preserve life.’ How far can this principle still be maintained? (’03)Should medical science always seek to prolong life? Sample (Introduction) Shakespeare had King Lear lament the tortures of aging, while the myth of Spanish conquistador Ponce de Leon’s Fountain of Youth, Sumerian tale of “Gilgamesh” and the … Continue reading (’11)How far should medical resources be used to extend life expectancy?

(’14)To what extent can the regulation of scientific or technological developments be justified?

Related: (’96)Should any limits be placed on scientific developments? (’09)Should every country have the right to carry out unlimited scientific research? Sample (Introduction) Albert Einstein once stated, “If we knew what it was we were doing, it would not be called research, would it?” His quote nicely sums up the nature of scientific research; that is unpredictable, … Continue reading (’14)To what extent can the regulation of scientific or technological developments be justified?

(’04) ‘How inventions and discoveries are used is not the concern of the scientist.’ Do you agree?

Related:  (‘91)How far should scientists be held responsible for the effects of their discoveries? (‘90)How far should scientists be held responsible for the uses made of their discoveries? Sample (Introduction, possible stand, may change to fit both sides) Science is a creative enterprise. It combines the exploration of the natural world with the generation of knowledge and its use … Continue reading (’04) ‘How inventions and discoveries are used is not the concern of the scientist.’ Do you agree?